Shorelines provide habitat for animals, plants and fish, as well as filtering runoff from rainwater before it enters lakes and streams. It is important to protect these crucial features and prevent erosion by stabilizing the shoreline.
There are five main ways to keep a shoreline from collapsing into the water: natural features, walls and bulkheads, buffer zones, seed matts and rip rap. Each of these methods can help to slow or stop erosion, although some are easier or less costly than others.
Enhance Natural Features
Natural shorelines are full of plants and rocks that prevent erosion. Encouraging these natural conditions helps protect a shoreline.
Build Walls and Bulkheads
If the shoreline has been disrupted, it will need to be enhanced and strengthened. This is when it is time to look into shoreline stabilization structures Syracuse NY. Constructing retaining walls and bulkheads can help reduce the effects of erosion.
Set up Buffers
A buffer zone of vegetation that is 50 to 100 feet wide helps to stabilize the shoreline. Deep rooted plants work the best, so be sure to plant a mixture of grasses, native wild plants with bushes and trees.
Install Erosion Matts
Erosions matts are created from a specially engineered fabric that is designed to retain soil and prevent erosion while vegetation is getting established. To use an erosion matt, spread the seed mixture over the soil, then roll out the fabric. Once the matt is pinned down, spread a soil/compost mix over it and then broadcast more seed. The seeds will grow up through the fabric and help to stabilize the shoreline.
Employ Rip Rap
Rip rap is a layer of stones or concrete chunks laid on the shoreline to protect it from erosion. You can also add soil and plants to the stones to increase the effect. This also provides wildlife habitat and looks better than stones alone.
Shorelines are an important part of the ecosystem and need to be protected. Slowing down or preventing shoreline erosion improves water quality and saves habitat for wildlife.